Data-driven analysis and prediction of dynamic postprandial metabolic response to multiple dietary challenges using dynamic mode decomposition

V. Skantze, M. Jirstrand, C. Brunius, A-S Sandberg, R. Landberg, M. Wallman. Frontiers in nutrition, Nutrition Methodology, Vol. 10 - 2023, 12 January 2024.


In the field of precision nutrition, predicting metabolic response to diet and identifying groups of differential responders are two highly desirable steps toward developing tailored dietary strategies. However, data analysis tools are currently lacking, especially for complex settings such as crossover studies with repeated measures.

Current methods of analysis often rely on matrix or tensor decompositions, which are well suited for identifying differential responders but lacking in predictive power, or on dynamical systems modeling, which may be used for prediction but typically requires detailed mechanistic knowledge of the system under study. To remedy these shortcomings, we explored dynamic mode decomposition (DMD), which is a recent, data-driven method for deriving low-rank linear dynamical systems from high dimensional data.

Combining the two recent developments “parametric DMD” (pDMD) and “DMD with control” (DMDc) enabled us to (i) integrate multiple dietary challenges, (ii) predict the dynamic response in all measured metabolites to new diets from only the metabolite baseline and dietary input, and (iii) identify inter-individual metabolic differences, i.e., metabotypes. To our knowledge, this is the first time DMD has been applied to analyze time-resolved metabolomics data.

Photo credits: Nic McPhee