Using a formal high-level language and an automated manikin to automatically generate assembly instructions

P. Mårdberg, J. S. Carlson, R. Bohlin, N. Delfs, S. Gustafsson, D. Högberg, L. Hanson. Int. J. of Human Factors Modelling and Simulation, 2014 Vol.4, No.3/4, pp.233 - 249


This paper presents an approach to automatically generate predetermined motion time system (PMTS) based assembly instruction lists from simulations within digital human modelling (DHM) software. A formal high-level instruction language is used to instruct an automated manikin to perform assembly operations. The manikin, the language and the assembled objects are composed into a discrete model. In a post-computational step, the model is used to construct PMTS instruction lists by mapping the manikin motions, assembled objects and the language instructions onto a set of PMTS keywords. The described approach is implemented in the DHM software IMMA and tested on industrial cases of manual assembly in the automotive industry.

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Mårdberg, Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre
  • J. S. Carlson, Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre
  • R. Bohlin, Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre
  • N. Delfs, Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre
  • S. Gustafsson, Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre
  • D. Högberg, School of Engineering Science, University of Skövde
  • L. Hanson, Department of Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology

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